Tuesday, May 08, 2007


Why Study The Tabernacle?

The Tabernacle is an extremely important study in its size, scope and emphasis. it is the most concentrated and specific revelation of the person and work of Christ contained in the Scripture. At least 50 chapters of the Bible are devoted to the construction, description, or significance of the Tabernacle. Only 2 chapters are used to record the creation of the earth. This is not surprising, since the Tabernacle was God's dwelling place. The earth is man's dwelling place and is only the footstool of God. Isaiah 66:1. There are 50 chapters about the wilderness tabernacle in the Bible, 13 chapters of Exodus 18 chapters in Leviticus 13 chapters in Numbers 2 chapters in Deuteronomy and four chapters in the New Testament book of Hebrews.
It was the "tent of testimony" - Num.9:15 - It was testifying of good things which were to come testifying of Yahweh, and all His infinite nature and aspects; and testifying of His love for man.
It clearly set forth the "way" in which a sinner might approach God. Although it was His dwelling and they were on the outside, there was a "door", only one, yet one through which all Israel were able to come if they desired.
If an Israelite approached God through the door, the order of objects and areas passed, were symbolic of an increasing preparation for final and full entrance into the total presence of God.
The glories of the Lord Jesus Christ are foreshadowed there. 1Peter 1:10 Of which salvation the prophets have enquired and searched diligently, who prophesied of the grace that should come unto you: 11 Searching what, or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was in them did signify, when it testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ, and the glory that should follow.
Louis Talbot was a young man journeying around the world. Raised in Australia his parents gave him photos of his aunts and uncles and yes he recognized them when finally he arrived in England. The portrait of Christ was printed 1500 years before he was born so that when He arrived all might recognize Him.
The Tabernacle gives us a picture of the Lord Jesus Christ before His coming into our world.
Luke 24:27 And beginning at Moses and all the prophets, he expounded unto them in all the scriptures the things concerning himself. 44 And he said unto them, These are the words which I spake unto you, while I was yet with you, that all things must be fulfilled, which were written in the law of Moses, and in the prophets, and in the psalms, concerning me. 45 Then opened he their understanding, that they might understand the scriptures, 46 And said unto them, Thus it is written, and thus it behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day: 47 And that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.
1 Cor 10:11 Now all these things happened unto them for ensamples: and they are written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the world are come.

The Tabernacle was a shadow of that which was and is to come.
There were several Old Testament terms for the Tabernacle:
"Tabernacle" - Ex. 25:9. The word Tabernacle means to settle down, to dwell. It describes, therefore, the Tabernacle as the dwelling place of God.
"Tent" - Ex. 26:36. The name tent refers to the outer covering of the Tabernacle and suggests pilgrimage. Israel was a pilgrim nation while moving toward the Promised Land.
"sanctuary" - Ex. 25:8. The word sanctuary denotes holiness and describes the Tabernacle as the holy place of God.
"The Tabernacle of the congregation" - or tent of the congregation Ex. 33:7. This name describes the Tabernacle as the place of meeting for the congregation of Israel, their common point of contact with God. This name was first described to the pre-tabernacle structure Moses used for fellowship with God, as located in the above verse. The name was then transferred to the Tabernacle proper. See Ex. 40:2.
"The Tabernacle of Testimony" or "the tent of testimony" - Num. 1:50. It was so called because of the presence of the two tables of the Law which were placed in the Ark. These tables were called the "testimony." Ex.31:18. The presence of God upholds and emphasises His Law.

The Tabernacle was designed by God, Ex.25:9; Heb.8:4,5.It was divine in its origin, explicit and definite in its
revelation, full and complete in its details.

A Plan and Pattern established by God for the benefit of all.
Tabernacle reminded them they served the Living God.
Tabernacle priesthood and levitical offerings to make them aware of their sinfulness and their need of salvation and the necessity of the messiah and His death.
Jn 5:37 And the Father himself, which hath sent me, hath borne witness of me. Ye have neither heard his voice at any time, nor seen his shape. 38 And ye have not his word abiding in you: for whom he hath sent, him ye believe not. 39 Search the scriptures; for in them ye think ye have eternal life: and they are they which testify of me.
The tabernacle consisted of:
(a) An Outer Court comprised of a linen fence. 5 cubits (7'6") high, which was 100 cubits (150') long by 50 cubits (75') wide. It had one gate which faced the east.
(b) A Building which contained the two compartments known as the Holy Place and the most Holy Place or Holy of Holies. The overall measurements of this tent style construction were 30 cubits (45') long by 10 cubits (15') wide by 10 cubits in height. The Holy Place was the largest section of this Tent, being 20 cubits (30') by 1- cubits by 10 cubits while the Holy of Holies was 10 cubits in length, breadth and height. The two rooms were divided by a heavy curtain or veil. Special curtains also comprised the entrance into this structure from the outer Court.
There were seven specially constructed items placed in the Tabernacle for the worship of God and the service of the priests.
(a) The Brazen Altar
(b) The Laver
These were the only items in the Outer Court.
(c) The Golden Candlestick
(d) The Golden Altar of Incense
(e) The Table of Shewbread
These three furnishings were kept in the first compartment The Holy Place.
(f) The mercy seat
(g) The Ark of the Covenant
The Mercy Seat actually comprised the lid or top of the Ark so that it became one piece of furniture.
They were always confined to the Most Holy Place.

1 . The Size of The Tabernacle
tentlike. External outercourt 150’ x 175’ 7’6” fence of linen around it.
Outer gate 30’ wide x 7’6” high
Only one way in. One door. John 10:7 Verily, verily, I say unto you, I am the door of the sheep. 8 All that ever came before me are thieves and robbers: but the sheep did not hear them. 9 I am the door: by me if any man enter in, he shall be saved, and shall go in and out, and find pasture.
John 14:6 Jesus told him, “I am the way, the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through Me.
The tribes pitched their tents orderly around the tabernacle.
God dwelt in the midst of His people.
Rev 21: 2 And I John saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband. 3 And I heard a great voice out of heaven saying, Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself shall be with them, and be their God. 4 And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes; and there shall be no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there be any more pain: for the former things are passed away.
1 Cor 6: 19 What? know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost which is in you, which ye have of God, and ye are not your own? 20 For ye are bought with a price: therefore glorify God in your body, and in your spirit, which are God's.
2Cor 6:16 And what agreement hath the temple of God with idols? for ye are the temple of the living God; as God hath said, I will dwell in them, and walk in them; and I will be their God, and they shall be my people. 17 Wherefore come out from among them, and be ye separate, saith the Lord, and touch not the unclean thing; and I will receive you, 18 And will be a Father unto you, and ye shall be my sons and daughters, saith the Lord Almighty.
Matthew 18:19 Again I say unto you, That if two of you shall agree on earth as touching any thing that they shall ask, it shall be done for them of my Father which is in heaven. 20 For where two or three are gathered together in my name, there am I in the midst of them.
Brazen altar typifies Jesus Christ our Saviour and the redemptive work of Calvary.
Laver : outercourt. Between brazen court and tabernacle for priests ..to wash before entering outer tabernacle.
Mirrors reflected their image .
Laver speaks of Christ our sanctification. He continually sanctifies us for holy service by the Word of truth. Eph 5:25-27 2 Tim 2:19 Nevertheless the foundation of God standeth sure, having this seal, The Lord knoweth them that are his. And, Let every one that nameth the name of Christ depart from iniquity. 20 But in a great house there are not only vessels of gold and of silver, but also of wood and of earth; and some to honour, and some to dishonour. 21 If a man therefore purge himself from these, he shall be a vessel unto honour, sanctified, and meet for the master's use, and prepared unto every good work. 22 Flee also youthful lusts: but follow righteousness, faith, charity, peace, with them that call on the Lord out of a pure heart. 23 But foolish and unlearned questions avoid, knowing that they do gender strifes.
Psalm 24:3 Who shall ascend into the hill of the LORD? or who shall stand in his holy place? 4 He that hath clean hands, and a pure heart; who hath not lifted up his soul unto vanity, nor sworn deceitfully. 5 He shall receive the blessing from the LORD, and righteousness from the God of his salvation. 6 This is the generation of them that seek him, that seek thy face, O Jacob. Selah.
Laver reminds us of our need for daily cleansing and for sanctification.
Search me O God and know my heart today, Try me, O Savior, Know my thoughts, I pray.
See if there be Some wicked way in me; Cleanse me from every sin And set me free.
I praise Thee, Lord, For cleansing me from sin; Fulfill Thy Word, And make me pure within.
Fill me with fire Where once I burned with shame; Grant my desire To magnify Thy Name.
Lord, take my life, And make it wholly Thine; Fill my poor heart With Thy great love divine.
Take all my will, My passion, self and pride; I now surrender, Lord In me abide.
O Holy Ghost, Revival comes from Thee; Send a revival, Start the work in me.
Thy Word declares Thou wilt supply our need; For blessings now, O Lord, I humbly plead.
Priest cleansed
Tabernacle 15’ wide 45’ long 15’ high.
2 sections holy place 30’ long, and holy of holies 15’ square.
North side.. Table of shewbread priests food 12 loaves 1 per tribe. Sustaining power of Jesus Christ our Saviour bread of life John 6:51 I am the living bread which came down from heaven: if any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever: and the bread that I will give is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.
12 loaves were a meal offering representing 12 tribes. He sustains us who feed on Him on a daily basis.
He is a daily portion for His own people. He can meet our every need and he can meet us at the very point of our needs.
Candlestick Southside of tabernacle john 8:12 Then spake Jesus again unto them, saying, I am the light of the world: he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life.
He tells us what is right and wrong. He is Judge and brings light to us.
The church and believers are called to bear that light
Phil 2:15 That ye may be blameless and harmless, the sons of God, without rebuke, in the midst of a crooked and perverse nation, among whom ye shine as lights in the world; 16 Holding forth the word of life; that I may rejoice in the day of Christ, that I have not run in vain, neither laboured in vain.
Matthew 5:16 Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven

The altar of Incense stood in front of the Holy of Holies.
A blazing coal, and incense poured daily ..incense smoke curled up into skies representing prayers going upwards. Points us to Christ Romans 8:34 Who is he that condemneth? It is Christ that died, yea rather, that is risen again, who is even at the right hand of God, who also maketh intercession for us.
He is always interceding for us, no matter how dark the hour
Amid the trials which I meet, amid the thorns which pierce my feet, one thought remains supremely sweet, thou thinkest Lord of me!
The cares of life come thronging fast, upon my soul their shadow cast; their gloom reminds my heart at last, thou thinkest, Lord, of me!
Lest shadows come, let shadows go, let life be bright or dark with woe; I am content, for this I know, thou thinkest Lord of me! Thou thinkest Lord of me, of me; thou thinkest Lord of me! (E.S. Lorenz)

The veil hid the glory of God from outward view separating a sinful people from the holy God.
Matt 27:50 Jesus, when he had cried again with a loud voice, yielded up the ghost.
51 And, behold, the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom; and the earth did quake, and the rocks rent; 52 And the graves were opened; and many bodies of the saints which slept arose, 53 And came out of the graves after his resurrection, and went into the holy city, and appeared unto many.

Hebrews 10:19 Having therefore, brethren, boldness to enter into the holiest by the blood of Jesus, 20 By a new and living way, which he hath consecrated for us, through the veil, that is to say, his flesh; 21 And having an high priest over the house of God; 22 Let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with pure water. 23 Let us hold fast the profession of our faith without wavering; (for he is faithful that promised;) Hebrews 13: 15 By him therefore let us offer the sacrifice of praise to God continually, that is, the fruit of our lips giving thanks to his name.
Praise the Saviour ye who know Him…

The Tabernacle continued to be used for about 500 years and was situated at Shiloh once they inhabited the Promised Land.

The Tabernacle was a temporary thing. It was only a tent. Jesus' earthly ministry was only temporary too. He was only "tabernacling" among men, John 1:14 and not "temple-ing". The Jews did not understand this. They looked for a political Messiah with a permanent physical kingdom.

1 Corinthians 6:19-20
Do you not know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit, who is in you, whom you have received from God? You are not your own; you were bought at a price. Therefore honor God with your body.

1.We are to carry the presence of God.
2.God’s presence must not be confused with rituals and traditions
3.God’s presence now resides in God’s people.
4.God is now building a spiritual temple.
5.God’s eternal purpose: He lives with us.

The Tabernacle was God's dwelling place. He did not go out to the people, they came to Him. Jesus said "Come unto me all ye that labour" Matt. 11:28.

The Tabernacle faced towards the east, toward the rising of the sun. This typifies the Israelites anticipation of the full revelation of Christ, "The son of Righteousness," Mal. 4:2, of whose coming all this was a prophecy.

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